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Sample Intervention Maps

Download the maps in Microsoft Word.

Sample Intervention Map #1

Problem: Teen Use of Tobacco

Root Cause: Availability

Local Condition: Retailers are selling tobacco products to minors

Potential target audiences include: tobacco retailers, compliance check enforcement agencies, tobacco vendor training providers, youth, elected bodies responsible for tobacco laws and policies, tobacco licensing entities.

Category

Strategy

Provide Information
  • Provide information to tobacco all retailers regarding the laws related to restricting tobacco sales to minors.
  • Provide personal follow up and information with tobacco retailers who fail compliance checks.
  • Provide information to youth and parents on the penalties for attempting to purchase, possessing and using tobacco products.
Build Skills
  • Provide training for retail clerks to:
    • Always ask customers who look younger than 27 years old for IDs a
    • Only ACCEPT valid gov’t issued photo IDs (driver’s license, passport, military ID).
  • Provide training to retailers that install electronic ID scanners in their stores.
  • Coalition members work with young adults aged 18+ to conduct “Reward and Reminder” campaign.
Provide Support
  • Work with State Agencies conducting SYNAR Compliance Checks in the community to conduct as many compliance checks as possible.
  • Pay overtime for local law enforcement who conduct Compliance Checks and to support “Reward and Reminder” efforts.
Access / Barriers
  • Offer recurring retail clerk training on site and in languages appropriate for clerks (e.g., in Spanish, Korean, Russian).
  • Work with vendor training providers to ensure that vendor trainings are provided in locations convenient to the vendors.
Incentives / Disincentives
  • Increase penalties for vendors who sell to minors.
  • Recognize vendors that pass compliance checks.
  • Obtain discounts for Tobacco vendors to purchase on ID scanners.
  • Work with the scanner manufacturer to provide discounts on ID scanners for all tobacco vendors.
Physical Design
  • Provide signage and with “born on this date” reminders at point of sale locations.
  • Provide “We Card” signage to all tobacco retailers.
Policies or Regulations
  • City licensing board to change tobacco licensing policy to require training for tobacco retail employees as part of licensing requirements.
  • City council modify local laws to increase fines for tobacco sales to minors.  Change the laws to fine both the retail establishment owner and clerk selling the tobacco products.  Ensure the fines are graduated, leading to eventual suspension and loss of license.


Sample Intervention Map #2

Problem: Teen Use of Tobacco

Root Cause: Availability

Local Condition: Youth obtain tobacco products from friends and siblings who are over 18 and can purchase the products legally

Potential target audiences include: tobacco retailers, youth under 18 years old, young adults 18-25 years old, parents, law enforcement, school administration and health care providers.

Category

Strategy

Provide Information
  • Conduct a public awareness campaign targeting youth 18 – 25 which provides information about the harm associated with minors’ use of tobacco products and about the laws and penalties for providing tobacco products to minors.
  • Distribute the information at local community events attended by the target age group such as movie theatres, sporting events, music stores and festivals, tobacco retailers etc.
  • Provide materials to tobacco outlets on the laws and consequences regarding providing tobacco products to minors.  Encourage them to share the information with young adults who legally purchase the tobacco products.
  • Provide information to Parents to discourage older siblings from providing tobacco to their younger brothers and sisters.  Provide the information through schools, health clinics, doctors and dentists.
Build Skill
  • Educate parents on how to have a conversation with children (both under and over 18) about the dangers of tobacco use and risks of providing tobacco to their younger siblings
  • Train health care providers to conduct a brief assessment of tobacco use for youth under 18. The assessment can include questions about the source of tobacco products.  The policy will also encourage health care providers to provide cessation resources to the youth.
Provide Support
  • Support family service providers to provide training for parents on how to have a conversation with their children and to set clear guidelines on tobacco use and on siblings’ providing tobacco products.
  • Provide signage in multiple languages to vendors.
Access / Barriers
  • Ask tobacco vendors to put all tobacco products behind the counter requiring customers to request specific products.
Incentives / Disincentives
  • Provide incentives to tobacco vendors who voluntarily post tobacco messages in their stores.    Incentives include recognition in local newspapers, coalition flyers.
  • Provide incentives for schools to clarify and enforce tobacco free school policies.  Offer free training to those schools that adopt a comprehensive anti-tobacco (and drug) campaign.
  • Increase fines for those caught providing tobacco products to minors.
Physical Design
  • Ask tobacco vendors to decrease the amount of tobacco advertising and promotional products available in their stores.
  • Move tobacco products behind the counter.
Policies or Regulations
  • Work with local law enforcement to enforce relevant state and local laws related to selling tobacco to minors, providing tobacco to minors, contributing to the delinquency of minors.
  • Work with school administrators to ensure that school policies address 18 year old and older students who provide tobacco products to minors.
  • Work with local health care providers to adopt a policy that a brief tobacco use assessment will be conducted on all underage patients.
  • Work with Law Enforcement to establish warning/citation policy for dealing with underage tobacco use.


Sample Intervention Map #3

Problem: Teen Use of Tobacco

Root Cause: Community Laws and Norms that allow or are favorable toward teen use of tobacco.

Local Condition: Adults and youth smoke and use smokeless tobacco on school property and at school related events (e.g., football and baseball games).

Potential target audiences include:  Youth, parents, adults in the community, school board, administration, law enforcement, city council.

Category

Strategy

Provide Information
  • Write article for local newspaper and PTA newsletter explaining proposed school policy changes and reminding citizens of the health impact of using tobacco products.
  • Students make presentation to School Board about proposed update to school policy.
  • Post Information on school on Webpage, Facebook and Twitter and other social media.
  • Provide information to parents about the updated school policy & encourage parents to support the policy with the School Board and Police Department.
  • Students will create a PSA about the dangers of tobacco use and second-hand smoke and how it affects youth and adults.
Build Skill
  • Provide training to school staff on the updated policy and how to enforce the policy during school and non-school hours on school property and at school-related events.
  • Provide public speaking training to youth who will speak at the School Board Meeting.
Provide Support
  • Create a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between school district and Police Department to allow police to enforce policy on school property.
  • Coalition members will support Police and School District and encourage them to enforce the updated school policy.
  • Students and parents will be offered to sign a “No tobacco use” pledge as part of sign up for all extracurricular activities (e.g., sports, band, drama, chess club).
Access / Barriers
  • Provide the “No tobacco use” Pledge in multiple languages.
  • A camera will be installed at the informal “designated smoking area” located near campus.
Incentives / Disincentives
  • Students caught using tobacco on school property or at school related events will receive  graduated sanctions including the opportunity to engage in cessation classes.
  • Students whose parents complete the “No tobacco use pledge” will receive extra credit in their health class.
  • Adults in violation of the policy will pay a $100 fine.  A portion of the fine will go to the Police Department and a portion will go to the School District to fund further prevention efforts and Tobacco Use Cessation programs.
Physical Design
  • Place permanent “Tobacco Free Zones” signs on all fields and on school property.
  • Make portable signs to post at school related events not on school property.
  • A camera will be installed at the informal “designated smoking area” near campus.  Signs will also be posted identifying the surveillance at the no smoking area.
Policies or Regulations
  • Work with the School Board to review and update school policy to include:
    • All tobacco products including e-cigarettes
    • Graduated sanctions for students in violation of the tobacco policy to include assessment and cessation support
    • Fines for adults in violation of the policy
    •  Applicable to staff, administration and the public
    •  All school-related events including those on and off school property

 

Sample Intervention Map #4

Problem:  Teen Use of Tobacco

Root Cause: Community Laws and Norms that allow or are favorable toward teen use of tobacco.

Local Condition: Youth and adults smoke and use smokeless tobacco at public locations:  city parks and public housing.

Potential target audiences include: Youth, parents, adults in the community, city council, law enforcement, Parks and Recreation Dept., Public Housing Authority and the general public.

Category

Strategy

Provide Information

  • Survey of residents who live near public areas and residents of public housing regarding smoking habits and favorability of Tobacco Free Policies.
  • Conduct public meeting to present survey data and educate residents in neighborhoods where the tobacco use occurs.
  • Interview current tobacco users regarding cessation options and their needs.
  • Youth make presentation to the City Council on the modifying the local ordinances.
  • Conduct community-wide marketing campaign raising awareness of the health risks associated with the tobacco use and second-hand smoke.

Build Skills

  • Train youth in public speaking in preparation for City Council presentation.
  • Work with youth to conduct community education/outreach to residents regarding proposed policy change and access to cessation services (NH).
  • Train Parks & Rec Dept., Public Housing employees and law enforcement on ways to approach and speak with individuals who are using tobacco products in public locations.

Provide Support

  • Work with current tobacco users to provide culturally relevant, free, accessible cessation services, prior to, and after, policy change goes into effect.
  • Provide accessible cessation services to Public Housing residents.
  • Support local law enforcement in incorporating patrols of public areas into their on-going community policing efforts.

Access / Barriers

  • Provide language interpretation/translation for all materials, outreach, and at community meetings.
  • Provide language interpretation/translation for cessation services.

Incentives / Disincentives

  • Tobacco free building provided supportive environment for cessation.
  • Enforcement of policies and penalties for violators.
  • Provide free cessation services and supplies to help residents quit.
  • Increase rental/cleaning deposit for tobacco users.

Physical Design

  • Create and post custom designed tobacco free community signage.
  • Install smoke detectors for enforcement.
  • Clean up locations where tobacco use has occurred (e.g., parks, public housing units).
  • Provide designated smoking area 25 feet from buildings.

Policies or Regulations

  • Identify public locations where tobacco use occurs.  Identify laws and policies which apply at those locations.
  • Work with city council to update policies and ordinances to establish the locations as “Tobacco Free Zones”.
  • In public housing facilities, update policy to prohibit tobacco use inside all buildings and within 25 feet of all Housing Authority buildings.
  • Update the policy to include a provision for culturally relevant, free, and accessible cessation services targeted to multiple ethnic groups.